Layout, flow, focal points, visual balance, and harmony … all are important aspects of our first set of interior design elements, Space and Form. If interior design were a puzzle, these would be the border pieces!


Space planning in interior design refers to the process of arranging and organizing the functional areas within a space, such as rooms in a home or office, in a way that is efficient, functional, and aesthetically pleasing. It involves determining the most appropriate layout for the space, taking into account the needs and preferences of the people who will be using it, as well as the size and shape of the space itself.
Space planning involves several key considerations, including:
  1. Traffic flow: The layout should allow for easy movement through the space, with clear pathways and adequate circulation.
  2. Functionality: The layout should be designed to accommodate the activities that will take place in the space, including seating, storage, and work areas.
  3. Proportion: The layout should be balanced and harmonious, with furniture and other elements arranged in a way that is visually pleasing and appropriate for the size of the space.
  4. Focal points: The layout should include at least one prominent feature or focal point, such as a fireplace or a work of art, that draws the eye and creates a sense of interest.
  5. Lighting: The layout should take into account the natural and artificial light sources in the space, including windows, doors, and fixtures, to ensure that the space is well-lit and comfortable.


In interior design, the term “form” refers to the overall shape or structure of a space or design element. It can also refer to the visual and tactile qualities of an object or space, such as its size, shape, and texture. Form is an important design element because it helps to create a sense of visual balance and harmony in a space. It can be used to draw attention to certain elements or to create a sense of flow and movement within a space. Form is often used in combination with other design elements, such as color, line, texture, and pattern, to create cohesive and visually appealing interior design schemes
AHT Interiors - Form element of interior design
Some examples of form in interior design include:
  • Geometric forms: These are forms that are based on geometric shapes, such as circles, squares, triangles, and rectangles. Examples of geometric forms in interior design include tables, chairs, sofas, and lighting fixtures.
  • Organic forms: These are forms that are inspired by natural shapes and curves, such as those found in plants and animals. Examples of organic forms in interior design include sculptures, vases, and bowls.
  • Abstract forms: These are forms that are not based on any specific shape or structure, and may be more abstract or conceptual in nature. Examples of abstract forms in interior design include abstract artwork and sculptures.
  • Functional forms: These are forms that serve a specific purpose, such as providing storage or seating. Examples of functional forms in interior design include bookshelves, cabinets, and chairs.
  • Structural forms: These are forms that are necessary for the structural integrity of a space, such as walls, floors, and ceilings.
AHT Interiors - Form element of interior design

If you have questions after reading any of the articles in this series, please let us know — and if you are in need of interior design assistance in your home, don’t hesitate to give us a call.

AHT Interiors - Form element of interior design

Images by AHT Interiors.